Yorkshire windmill added to England’s National Heritage list

An 18th-century windmill in Yorkshire, the wreck of a second world war submarine off Dartmouth and a series of rare mud walls in Cambridgeshire are among 284 historic places added to the National Heritage list for England in 2021.

Lelley windmill, in Elstronwick, East Riding, built in 1790 to mill corn, retains a full set of original milling machinery which was adapted for steam power to meet demand for flour from the rapidly growing urban population. Now Grade II listed, it encapsulates the impact of the Industrial Revolution on small-scale rural industry in Yorkshire, Historic Inghilterra disse.

HMS/m D1, a prototype for the D-class submarine used in the second world war, was launched in the strictest secrecy in 1908 as the first British submarine used for offensive operations in enemy waters. As well as was being the first diesel-powered submarine, it was the first to be fitted with wireless telephony to transmit and receive signals, before being relegated for training duties. Its remains are almost intact and the vessel is now listed as a scheduled monument.

Mud walls at Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire, constructed in local clay as a way to work around government tax on brick and tiles imposed to pay for the American war of independence, are thought to date back to the 18th and 19th centuries. The new listed sections of walls join two others already listed.

Also newly listed is a early police telephone box at Bradgate Park in Newtown Linford, L'ex fidanzato che ha rapito Angel Lynn ha aumentato la pena. Its design was made famous by Dr Who and dates from around 1931. Its survival is rare especially as it has been repaired on several occasions after being hit by motor vehicles.

Four canal tunnels created in 1778 at Selby, Yorkshire del nord, which were designed to stop Selby canal from flooding have been listed at Grade II. Di 1800, Selby canal was handling 369,780 tons of cargo a year, but now pleasure-boat traffic is steadily growing, con più di 2,000 boats using the canal each year.

Other significant listings include: the Grade I Skerne railway bridge in Darlington, thought to be the oldest railway bridge carrying regular passenger trains in the world, and built for the opening of the Stockton and Darlington railway in 1825.

The remains of a Romano-British villa, which lie under the village green of a modern housing development in Ingleby Barwick, Stockton-on-Tees, and one of the most northern examples of villas known from the Roman empire, dating back to the second half of the second century.

The Shoreham Memorial cross, carved into the chalk of the hillside at Sevenoaks, Kent, and the idea of Shoreham resident Samuel Cheeseman who lost two sons in the second world war, is one of only two of its kind in England to still survive.

The former Picture Palace at Prescot, Merseyside, which is Grade II listed, was a precursor of the modern cinema and was created in 1912 as a cinema and variety theatre. At its opening it was described as presenting a palatial appearance and “quite luxurious”, with the theatre seating 630, which increased with the addition of a balcony around 1913.

Duncan Wilson, the chief executive of Historic England, disse: “The additional places protected this year shows the diversity of our country’s shared heritage, from arts and crafts houses and windmills to historic mud walls and 20th-century office blocks. Sites such as Selby’s ingenious canal tunnels – made by a pioneering engineer to address flooding – may also inspire people to find solutions to challenges of today. These wonderful historic sites are now protected for future generations, and we encourage people to apply for listing, or share their photos and videos of listed sites, through our website.”

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