프랑스인이 처음으로 자녀를 적게 낳은 이유? 세속화

나는 물고기와 이주에 대한 열이 우리가 요즘 프랑스 사람과 이야기하지 않는다는 것을 의미한다는 것을 압니다., 그러나 그들의 역사를 숙고하는 것은 여전히 ​​허용됩니다.

거대한 역사적 수수께끼가 왜 프랑스, 1760년대부터, underwent the demographic transition to lower fertility rates a century before the rest of 유럽. It’s a puzzle because economists usually argue that fertility declines are driven by technological progress, making human capital more useful and raising the cost of kids. But pre-revolution France was backwards on most development measures, with half the literacy of England and Wales.

An interesting paper crowdsources family trees to provide the answer: secularisation. Dechristianisation saw the Roman Catholic church lose influence in 18th-century France, with religious giving falling and references to God disappearing from wills. The loosening of traditional religious moral constraints also led to the wider use of contraception (의 coitus interruptus kind).

The author shows that areas where priests stayed loyally Catholic during the French Revolution (ie where secularisation had made less progress) had much smaller falls in fertility. Religious, rather than economic, change drove the demographic transition, but it had big economic consequences: falling fertility is a prerequisite for rising living standards (or progress gets eaten up by population growth). That’s why French GDP per capita kept pace with England despite the industrial revolutiontaking place on this side of the Channel. For the French, the story was less church, fewer kids, higher incomes.

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