チュニジアの大統領が政府を解任, 火花を散らす通りのお祝い

チュニジアのカイス・サイード大統領は、与党に対する抗議の日が国の政治危機を頭に浮かび上がらせた後、議会を一時停止し、ヒシェム・マチチ首相を解任した.

Cheering crowds quickly flooded the streets of the capital Tunis after Saied’s announcement on Sunday, celebrating and honking car horns in scenes that recalled the 2011 revolution that brought democracy and triggered the Arab spring protests that convulsed the Middle East.

“We have been relieved of them,” said Lamia Meftahi, a woman celebrating in central Tunis after Saied’s statement, speaking of the parliament and government.

“This is the happiest moment since the revolution," 彼女は付け加えた.

Military vehicles surrounded the parliament building late on Sunday, according to Reuters. Witnesses said people who had gathered nearby cheered and sang the national anthem as the vehicles apperared outside the building.

しかしながら, the extent of support for Saied’s moves against a fragile government and divided parliament was not clear and he warned against any violent response.

“I warn any who think of resorting to weaponsand whoever shoots a bullet, the armed forces will respond with bullets,” he said in a statement carried on television.

Earlier, thousands of Tunisians had marched in several cities protesting against the ruling party which they accused of economic mismanagement, corruption and failure to prevent crippling rates of coronavirus infections.

Hundreds of protesters had gathered in front of parliament in Tunis, shouting slogans against the Islamist-inspired ruling Ennahdha party and the premier Hichem Mechichi.

Protests were also reported in the towns of Gafsa, Kairouan, Monastir, Sousse and Tozeur.

“The people want the dissolution of parliament,” the crowd chanted.

Several protesters were arrested and a journalist was injured when the crowd hurled stones and police fired tear gas canisters.

Saied said in his statement that his actions were in line with the constitution, and cited article 80 to suspend the immunity of members of parliament.

“The constitution does not allow for the dissolution of parliament, but it does allow for its work to be suspended,” the president said, citing Article 80 which permits such a measure in case of “imminent danger”.

“Many people were deceived by hypocrisy, treachery and robbery of the rights of the people," 彼は言った.

Saied said he would take over executive power “with the help” of a government headed by a new chief appointed by the president himself.

He also said that the immunity would be lifted for parliamentary deputies.

Ennahda, banned before the revolution, has been the most consistently successful party since 2011 and a member of successive coalition governments.

Its leader, ラーシド・ガンヌーシー, who is also parliament’s speaker, immediately labelled Saied’s decision “a coup against the revolution and constitution”.

“We consider the institutions still standing, and the supporters of the Ennahda and the Tunisian people will defend the revolution," 彼が追加した, raising the prospect of confrontations between supporters of Ennahda and Saied.

Tunisia has been overwhelmed by Covid-19 cases, including more than 18,000 people who have died in a country of around 12 100万.

Despite a decade passing since the 2011 revolution which overthrew dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia remains prone to chronic political turmoil that has stymied efforts to revive crumbling public services.

The country’s fractious political class has been unable to form lasting, effective governments.

Since Saied was elected president in 2019, he has been locked in a showdown with Mechichi and Ghannouchi.

Their rivalry has blocked ministerial appointments and diverted resources away from tackling Tunisia’s many economic and social problems.

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