Passengers face a weekend of disrupted train services as the third and final 24-hour leg of the biggest rail strike in 30 years takes place on Saturday.
Rail firms have repeated pleas for people to avoid travelling unless necessary, with only about 20% of trains expected to operate in a limited window.
Sunday services will start later and be slightly reduced. Passengers with advance tickets will be allowed to use them until Tuesday or obtain a full refund.
While many commuters have opted to work from home in the week, leaving many of the few trains running only partially occupied, train firms anticipate busier services at the weekend.
Some have explicitly urged passengers to stay away from their services, with TransPennine telling anyone going to events such as the Test cricket match in Leeds to use alternative transport.
However, Great Western Railway is expecting to run 11 direct specials to return festivalgoers from Glastonbury to London on Sunday.
On Saturday 40,000 members of the RMT union will strike in a dispute over pay and conditions on the railways. Rail revenues remain about £2bn short of pre-pandemic levels and the government has told Network Rail and train operating companies to find savings through “modernisation” to fund pay deals.
The union has been offered a package worth 3% but inflation reached 9.1% – or 11.7% on the measure usually used to determine rail salaries – this week. Talks are due to continue in London to try to reach a settlement but sources have indicated little progress is being made.
Network Rail has said it intends to push forward with changes to the maintenance regime under which 1,800 jobs would be lost, and it will make compulsory redundancies if necessary. The RMT has demanded that the threat be withdrawn.
Train operators are intending to “repurpose” all ticket offices within 18 months to save costs, with customers expected to buy tickets online or via a machine.
Unions and Labour have called on the government to join direct talks but the transport secretary, Grant Shapps, has insisted it is a matter for the employers.
The RMT has yet to call further strikes, but train drivers from the Aslef union will strike next week on Croydon tram services and next weekend on Greater Anglia rail services. More strike ballots are being held by the TSSA union.
London Underground workers may strike again this summer after voting to renew the strike mandate for another six months.
Shapps said the RMT’s action was “hurting the very people they claim to stand up for”. He said: “This week has also shown that overall rail strikes are not as effective a tool for the unions as they once were. The only chaos these strikes are causing isn’t on our transport system but on the day-to-day lives of hardworking people and for businesses around the country.
“Rather than standing on picket lines, union representatives should be back around the negotiating table and agree a deal to bring our rail industry into the 21st century.”
The RMT has said its campaign will continue until it reaches a settlement for its members, with Lynch saying that Shapps “needs to get in the room or get out of the way”.