The Guardian’s coverage of Europe in the first week of its founding, 5 May 1821

The hopes which were entertained, at the period when our prospectus was issued, with respect to the revolutions at Naples, and in Piedmont, have since been fatally disappointed, and the termination of the contest almost with a struggle on the part of the Neapolitans, of the Piedmontese, has afforded to the enemies of popular rights, opportunity for a sneer. It was not to be supposed that the forces of Naples, or of Piedmont, separated, or even united could cope with the armies of Austria, particularly when supported, as in the case of their receiving even a momentary check they would have been, and as in point of fact they still appear likely to, by those of Russia.

The hopes of the friends of Neapolitan liberty, who did not suffer their wishes to influence their conclusions, or outstrip their judgment, rested principally on the favourable nature of the country for defensive warfare, and on the expectation that, though the Austrians could not be defeated in the field, they might be harassed and worn out by desultory hostilities. More, much more, was certainly expected from the spirit of the people, that they appear to have shown themselves disposed to accomplish. Yet with all our contempt for their dastardly submission to their invaders, we must admit that there is a great lack of authentic intelligence from that quarter, and that matters may not be quite so nearly settled as the Austrian accounts would have us to believe. Granting however, that we have at present but little to hope for from Italy, which is favourable to the progress of liberty, there are plenty of demonstrations that the people will no longer consent to be governed upon the principles so long in use and approved amongst despotic states.

Our columns contain notices of the revolutionary movements of Prince Ypsilantis and his followers in Moldavia, (which the Courier assures us, on the authority of letters from Constantinople, will soon be suppressed) and it will also be seen, that the Portuguese settlements of Balia and Pernambuco have determined to anticipate in the advantages expected to result for the constitution adopted in the mother country.

Frankfurt, April 23 – The house of Rothschild has just received orders from London to be ready with funds for the supply of the King of England, on his journey to Germany. His majesty will make a short stay at Frankfurt. It is said that he will have an interview with several monarchs of Europe.

Odessa, March 26 – A ship from Constantinople brings intelligence that a strong American squadron has appeared in the Archipelago, and captured five Turkish ships, two of which are frigates. The reason assigned for their hostilities is the non-recognition of the American ambassador. The whole Morea is under arms, and inhabitants of that peninsula are formidable both by sea and land.

Moldavia and Walachia
The Austrian Observer asserts that the revolution has failed in Moldavia and Walachia. The accounts from these countries, however, state that the Greeks are more determined to continue their enterprise. The Turkish and Russian troops are advancing in great numbers on the Turkish frontiers.

Ionian islands
It is said in an article from Nuremberg, that the English government is about the reinforce very considerably the garrisons in the Ionian islands, and that it is intended to send troops to Malta. A strong squadron of observation will be kept in the Mediterranean.

Turin, April 20 – Letters from Laybach announce, that the two Emperors will remain there a month. It appears the Allied powers are determined to do their utmost in order that this Congress may be the last. They imagine that it will be easy for them to repress for ever the agitators of Europe. The Austrian troops, without any resistance, are spreading themselves over all the Neapolitan provinces. It is said, however, that Civitella del Tronto, under the orders of Col Pepe, still obstinately holds out, and rejects all accommodation. Some hundreds of the most ardent of the Carbonari have there found an asylum.

Rome, April 15 – Letters from Udina state that the advanced guard of the Russian army will arrive in that city on the 29th. The force of the Russian troops marching for Italy amounts to 70,000 infantry, 20,000 cavalry, 3,500 Cossacks, and 372 pieces of cannon.

Madrid, April 16 – The Life Guards, who are accused of having taken part in the events of Madrid on 4th and 5th of February last, have been transferred to the convent of St Basil, where they are cut off from all communication with their friends or the public.

The papers of Portugal give reason to apprehend that intrigues and conspiracies are a work in that kingdom, as it is natural they should be wherever a transfer of political power has been recently and forcibly effected. The provincial magistrates and ecclesiastical authorities have in many instances betrayed such an hostility to the constitution, and the mans of punishing or displacing them have been at the same time so circuitous and inconvenient, that Senhor Aves de Rio moved to invest the Regency with power to remove these functionaries at it own discretion, and to supply their places with other in whom confidence could be safely proposed.

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