El punto de vista de The Guardian sobre las vacunas para todos: compártelos ahora

For the west and other rich nations, el problema es la demanda: cómo administrar más vacunas, incluso persuadiendo a los indecisos. Britain and other countries are already delivering booster shots. Older children in the UK will also be vaccinated soon. There are undoubted benefits, even given the very low risk of death to most recipients; Covid can still be very unpleasant and cause long-term damage to health.

But for the rest of the world, the problem is supply. Healthcare workers and highly vulnerable people go entirely unprotected as the pandemic rages, with thousands of deaths recorded globally each day. El director general de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, had urged a moratorium on boosters until at least the end of the year to allow each country to protect 40% of its population. In wealthier nations, 80% de la población have had at least one dose; in poorer ones, sólo 20%. Across Africa, the figure is less than 3.5%. It could take many lower-income countries another two years to reach most citizens. The disparity may by now be familiar. But it remains shocking.

Covax, the global pooled purchasing scheme, has announced that it will fall 600m doses short of its target of distributing 2bn doses by the end of the year. Critics say, entre otras cosas, that some doses have been wasted in poorer countries lacking the infrastructure to distribute them. But a vast number have been squandered in wealthier nations: en el US alone, 15m have been thrown away since March. And Covax’s single biggest problem remains the lack of supply. Not only were wealthier countries slow to offer sufficient funds, but they rushed to sign deals that left little supply for anyone else, and have hung on to surplus doses. Britain and others have abandoned mitigation policies, such as mandatory masking, which might have reduced the need for boosters.

Shamefully, the UK and EU also continue to block patent waivers for Covid vaccines. They should change course. But low-income nations need a better supply now. “We don’t want any more promises. We just want the vaccines,” Dr Tedros has said bluntly. Menos que 15% of the 1bn doses promised by high-income countries have actually materialised. The EU last week pledged to donate 200m more by the middle of next year. But as of earlier this month, only 18m of the 200m it has already promised had been delivered. Sharing doses, and sharing them now, would protect all of us and protect our economies. It would help to build much-needed trust with developing countries ahead of November’s critical Cop26 climate talks, as Ed Miliband, Secretaria de negocios en la sombra de los laboristas, has pointed out. Most importantly, it could save millions of lives.




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