In the wake of the financial crash in 2008, Había grandes esperanzas en la izquierda de que una auténtica crisis del capitalismo cambiaría significativamente el dial político a su favor.. Dejando a un lado las victorias aisladas y los movimientos, it didn’t really happen. En lugar de, in the early 2010s, the bailout of the bankers was followed by the imposition of austerity across Europa and in America as governments sought to balance the books.
Premature predictions on the nature of post-Covid politics in the west are therefore to be avoided. But certain themes do seem to be emerging. Sketching out broadly communitarian territory, they chime with many people’s experience of how the pandemic played out and what it exposed; and there is some evidence that, in northern Europe, they might inform a revival and renewal of centre-left parties and movements.
The true scale of the renaissance of the German Social Democrats will emerge on Sunday evening, in an election that has become a cliffhanger. But whether or not the party maintains its surprise lead and its candidate, Olaf Scholz, becomes chancellor, the campaign has already been notable for his championing of the work of Michael Sandel. El año pasado, the Harvard philosopher published The Tyranny of Merit, a trenchant critique of the way western societies have distributed both wealth and social prestige in recent decades. Flawed ideas about achievement and worth, believes Mr Sandel, have created a divided and individualistic society: a highly qualified set of “winners” reap excessive rewards in knowledge industries such as tech, while the contribution of those working in, por ejemplo, the care industry is grotesquely undervalued.
In a recent entrevista with the Guardian, Mr Scholz echoed this argument almost to the letter, criticising “a meritocratic exuberance that has led people to believe their success is completely self-made”. Como resultado, él continuó, “those who actually keep the show on the road don’t get the respect they deserve … Manual labourers don’t deserve less respect than academics.” This kind of judgment became commonplace during the pandemic, as key workers on poor pay kept lockdown societies functioning. “Respect”, concretely demonstrated by better pay and working conditions for unglamorous but vital occupations, has accordingly been a central idea in Mr Scholz’s campaign.
There are similar signals from Norway, where the Labour party has found its way back to power after elecciones este mes. For the first time since 2001, the three Scandinavian countries each have a social democrat prime minister. Here too, social inequalities highlighted by the pandemic played a part in a shifting mood. The Norwegian Labour party’s successful election slogan was: “It’s the ordinary people’s turn now”. Its manifesto included pledges to boost employment rights and union membership, and raise taxes on unearned wealth.
Otra vez, caveats are necessary. In a fragmented political landscape, Scandinavian social democratic parties are far from being the hegemonic powerhouses they one were. And in Denmark, the government has adopted draconian immigration policies that would make most on the liberal left blanch. sin embargo, in the words of one senior Norwegian social democrat after the poll, Covid seems to have dirigió to a greater concern and emphasis on “common welfare”. A new vocabulary of respect and dignity, and a focus on “ordinary” occupations and lives, points to a post-pandemic politics of the left focused on redistributing status as well as income. A veces, Sir Keir Starmer’s essay, publicado esta semana, hits some of the same notes.
Populist insurgencies and the pandemic – which showcased the value of the protective state – have dealt a heavy blow to the divisive, individualistic politics of high liberalism. En los EE.UU, Joe Biden’s $1.9tn stimulus package is part of an attempt to place blue-collar workers and “flyover” communities at the centre of the economic recovery. The ethos of collective responsibility and mutual respect should be fertile ground for the centre-left in Europe too. As the leaves begin to turn, there are signs that this message is being received and understood.