Covid-19ブースターおよびインフルエンザワクチン: この冬に知っておくべきこと

インフルエンザの季節が再びやって来ました–そして今年, Covid-19から身を守るのにまだ忙しい, あまりにも. 昨年の冬、封鎖の制限と世帯間の混合の欠如のため, the number of flu cases dropped significantly – but that also means our immunity to flu might now be lower than before the pandemic.

約 11,000 people die from flu in England on average each year, and most cases occur in winter, when the cold weather encourages transmission, and we begin mixing indoors in less well-ventilated spaces.

Alongside flu, continuing or rising cases of coronavirus are expected this winter, creating a double risk. The latest data shows that protection provided by Covid-19 vaccines falls after six months, particularly for older adults and at-risk groups. As viruses can spread quickly from person to person when we’re in close proximity indoors over winter, it’s important to book your appointment for the flu jab and Covid-19 vaccine booster, according to your eligibility for one or both. While most people have two doses of a Covid-19 vaccine as part of their “primary” course and many are now eligible for a booster, vaccination experts have recommended three doses in the primary course for people who have a severely weakened immune system, to get a good level of protection against Covid-19.

If you have not already received your primary doses of a Covid-19 vaccine, then now is the time to do it.

As well as boosting your own immunity, these essential vaccines could help prevent people who might be more vulnerable from becoming seriously ill, and in turn help reduce pressure on the NHS.

“Both flu and Covid-19 cost lives, and the increased threat from these two deadly viruses this winter makes it even more important that anyone eligible comes forward for a flu vaccine as soon as possible, and books in their Covid-19 booster when they’re invited,” says NHS deputy vaccination programme lead Dr Nikki Kanani. “The vaccines are safe, effective, and the best thing you can do to protect yourself and your loved ones this winter.”

ここに, we’ve answered your key questions on both vaccinations, so we can all stay safe this season.

Who is eligible for a Covid-19 booster vaccine?
The third shot is designed to ensure the most vulnerable people in our communities are protected over winter. More than 8m jabs including boosters and third doses have been administered and currently the following people are eligible:

How soon after my second dose will a booster be offered to those who are eligible?
The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation advises that you’ll be offered your booster vaccine no earlier than six months (182 日々) after your second dose of the Covid-19 vaccine. People with certain health conditions may be offered the Covid-19 booster earlier.

Where will booster vaccine appointments be available?
Once invited for your vaccine you can book an appointment online or by calling 119. The booster vaccine is being delivered from a range of locations such as walk-in and mobile vaccination sites to make accessing it as convenient as possible. Primary care teams will vaccinate care home staff and residents on-site, while health and social care workers can book their booster vaccinations through their employer.

I’ve recently tested positive for Covid-19 – can I still get a booster vaccine?
いつものように, if you’ve tested positive for coronavirus, you need to self-isolate for 10 full days. You should wait 28 days before booking your booster vaccine, starting from the date you took the positive test.

Who is eligible for the flu vaccine?
If you get flu and Covid-19 viruses at the same time, research shows you’re more likely to get seriously ill. A free flu jab is available to people in the following categories:

の中に 2020/21 シーズン, we didn’t see much flu, partly thanks to the measures put in place to stop Covid-19 and the reduction in international travel.

Because there were so few cases last season, more strains of flu might be in circulation this year, plus there’s less immunity against last year’s strains, あまりにも. Regardless of your eligibility for a Covid-19 booster vaccine, anyone who is eligible for a flu jab on the NHS should take the opportunity to book theirs ASAP.

If you’re eligible, you’ll be able to book your jab at your GP surgery, at a pharmacy if you’re over 18 (which can be found at nhs.uk/flujab), via a hospital appointment, or through your midwife service if you’re pregnant. If your child is school age, they should be offered their flu vaccine through their school.

Does my child need the flu vaccination?
All children from the age of two to those in year 11 at secondary school, and all children in at-risk groups from the age of six months are eligible to receive a flu vaccine. Children aged from two years to those in school year 11 will be offered the nasal spray vaccine. Where the nasal spray is not suitable for them, those who are between six months and two years will be offered the flu injection.

I’m pregnant – is it safe to get the Covid and flu jabs?
Yes – both are safe for pregnant women, and it’s important to have both if eligible. There are more risks for you and your pregnancy if you contract Covid-19 without the vaccine, and the flu vaccine will also help protect your unborn baby.

If you catch flu when pregnant, you’re at risk from complications such as bronchitis and it could cause your baby to be born prematurely, have a low birthweight and may even lead to stillbirth. If you’re pregnant, you can get a free flu vaccine from your GP, pharmacist or through your maternity service.

*Applies only to children who were aged two on 31 8月 2021. Any child that has turned two since this date will not yet be eligible.

Vaccines are the best protection against life-threatening viruses like flu and Covid-19. For more information and to book your appointment visit nhs.uk/wintervaccinations

Helen Baimbridge, 44, runs the TinCup social media marketing agency, and lives in Haddenham, バッキンガムシャー

“I’ve already had my Covid-19 booster and flu jab, both of which my GP got in touch with me about. I have Crohn’s disease, which means I have a compromised immune system and am in the clinically extremely vulnerable category, so I received my first jab in the first tier of the vaccine rollout, and my second at the end of March.

“Because those of us who are immunosuppressed might have a less than adequate response to the vaccine, and its effect diminishes after six months, I was very happy to get the booster – I think the vaccine rollout overall has been excellent.

“I always make sure I have my flu jab early in the season, あまりにも, because it’s the smallest thing I can do to keep myself safer – but this year, with the risk of flu even higher than usual, it was absolutely something I wanted to prioritise. Why wouldn’t you avoid getting flu if you possibly could? You should take all the sensible precautions that you can.”

This advertiser content was paid for by the UK government. All together (“Get vaccinated this winter”) is a government-backed initiative tasked with informing the UK about the Covid-19 pandemic. For more information, 訪問 gov.uk/coronavirus

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