A Japanese court has summoned North Korea’s leader to face demands for compensation by several ethnic Korean residents of Japan who say they suffered human rights abuses in North Korea after joining a resettlement programme there that described the country as a “paradise on Earth”, a lawyer and plaintiff have said.
Kim Jong-un is not expected to appear in court for the hearing on 14 십월, but the judge’s decision to summon him was a rare instance in which a foreign leader was not granted sovereign immunity, said Kenji Fukuda, a lawyer representing the five plaintiffs.
They are demanding 100m yen ($900,000) each in compensation from North Korea for human rights violations they say they suffered under the resettlement programme.
Eiko Kawasaki, 79, a Korean who was born and raised in Japan, 였다 17 when she left Japan in 1960, a year after North Korea began the massive repatriation programme to make up for workers killed in the Korean war and bring overseas Koreans back home. The scheme continued to seek recruits, many of them originally from South Korea, ~까지 1984.
The Japanese government also welcomed the programme, viewing Koreans as outsiders, and helped arrange their transport to North Korea.
Kawasaki said she was confined to North Korea for 43 years until she was able to defect in 2003, leaving behind her grown children. North Korea had promised free healthcare, 교육, jobs and other benefits, 그녀가 말했다, but none of them were available and they were mostly assigned manual work at mines, forests or farms.
“If we were informed of the truth about North Korea, none of us would have gone,” she said at a news conference on Tuesday.
Kawasaki and four other defectors from the programme filed a lawsuit in August 2018 against North Korea’s government in Tokyo district court demanding compensation.
The court, after three years of pretrial discussions, agreed to summon Kim Jong-un to its first hearing on 14 십월, said Fukuda, their lawyer.
Fukuda said he was not expecting Kim to appear, or provide compensation if it was ordered by the court, but hoped the case could set a precedent for future negotiations between Japan and North Korea on seeking the North’s responsibility and normalising diplomatic ties.
Although barred by the statute of limitations from legally seeking Japanese government responsibility for aiding the programme, Kawasaki said he hoped could can help obtain the return of thousands of participants “still waiting to be rescued out of North Korea”.
“I do think the Japanese government should also take responsibility," 그녀가 말했다.
Kawasaki’s father was among hundreds of thousands of Koreans brought to Japan, many forcibly, to work in mines and factories before and during the second world war. Japan colonised the Korean peninsula from 1910-45 — a past that still strains relations between Japan and the Koreas.
오늘, about half a million ethnic Koreans live in Japan and continue to face discrimination in school, work and their daily lives.
“It has taken so long for us to come this far,” Kawasaki said. “Finally, it’s time for justice.”