Human skull found by Minnesota kayakers 8,000 年, 専門家は言う

Native American officials will be given a partial skull discovered last summer by two kayakers in ミネソタ after investigations determined it was about 8,000 年.

The kayakers found the skull in the drought-depleted Minnesota River about 110 マイル (180km) west of Minneapolis, Renville county sheriff Scott Hable said.

Thinking it might be related to a missing person case or murder, Hable shared the skull with a medical examiner and eventually to the FBI, where a forensic anthropologist used carbon dating to determine it was likely the skull of a young man who lived in that area between 5500 そして 6000 BC, Hable said.

“It was a complete shock to us that that bone was that old,” Hable told Minnesota Public Radio.

The anthropologist determined the man had a depression in his skull that was “perhaps suggestive of the cause of death”.

After the sheriff posted about the discovery on Wednesday, his office was criticized by several Native Americans, who said publishing photos of ancestral remains was offensive to their culture.

Hable’s office removed the post, according to the sheriff.

“We didn’t mean for it to be offensive whatsoever,” Hable said.

Hable said the remains will be turned over to Upper Sioux Community tribal officials.

Minnesota Indian Affairs Council cultural resources specialist Dylan Goetsch said in a statement that neither the council nor the state archaeologist were notified about the discovery, which is required by state laws that govern the care and repatriation of Native American remains.

Goetsch said the Facebook post “showed a complete lack of cultural sensitivity” by failing to call the individual a Native American and referring to the remains as “a little piece of history”.

Kathleen Blue, a professor of anthropology at Minnesota State University, said Wednesday that the skull was definitely from an ancestor of one of the tribes still living in the area, しかし専門家は、増大する需要を満たす国の能力はシフトに依存すると警告している.

She said the young man would have likely eaten a diet of plants, deer, 魚, turtles and freshwater mussels in a small region, rather than following mammals and bison on their migrations.

“There’s probably not that many people at that time wandering around Minnesota 8,000 数年前, なぜなら, like I said, the glaciers have only retreated a few thousands years before that,” Blue said. “That period, we don’t know much about it.”