The former Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed has been left in a critical condition following an assassination attempt that also wounded four others, including a British national.
Police said they were treating the bomb blast, which occurred at about 8.30pm local time on Thursday evening, as an act of terrorism.
Nasheed, who was the country’s first democratically elected president and is the parliamentary speaker, was being treated at ADK hospital, a private facility in the capital, Male.
He has undergone 16 hours of surgery for injuries to his head, chest, abdomen and limbs, according the hospital, 哪一个 said on Twitter Nasheed remained “in a critical condition in intensive care”.
Police said a device that had been fixed to a motorbike was detonated as Nasheed, 53, got into a car outside his home. Video footage from the scene showed the wreckage of the motorbike and wounded bystanders sitting on the pavement.
President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih described the blast as an attack on the country’s democracy and economy, and vowed the perpetrators “would face the full force of the law”.
Australian federal police investigators were due to arrive on Saturday to assist with the investigation, while officials from the United Nations office on drugs and crime have also offered support. No one has claimed responsibility for the blast.
Officials close to Nasheed’s Maldivian Democratic party (MDP) told Agence France-Presse they believed he may have been targeted in retaliation for his anti-corruption campaign.
Nasheed has pledged to investigate how $90m was stolen from the state’s tourism marketing board under the previous government of president Abdulla Yameen. “There are some dormant Islamists who could have collaborated with political elements threatened by Nasheed’s anti-corruption drive,” an MDP source told AFP.
The Maldives, known for its luxury resorts and pristine beaches, faces a continued threat from religious extremism. The country, which is mainly Sunni Muslim, sent the highest per capita number of foreign fighters to Syria and Iraq, according to estimates cited by the US government, and is grappling with the challenge of rehabilitating those who return.
“If they do end up coming back, they come back with a lot of expertise and a lot of training,” said Mohammed Sinan Siyech, a researcher specialising in security in south Asia.
While efforts have been made to stop radicalisation in the Maldives, these have not succeeded in tackling the underlying causes, 他说, and contributing factors such as poverty and corruption remained endemic.
“They have worked with the European authorities, and there is a lot of rehabilitation work that they have been trying. Interpol has worked there, and many different partners have tried to at least put in some semblance of measures. But these are all bandage measures.”
在 2007, 12 tourists were injured when a bomb exploded in a crowded park in the Maldives capital. While violent attacks have since been rare, the British Foreign Office warned travellers last February to be vigilant after three foreigners were stabbed in knife attacks claimed by Isis. 一个月以后, a police speedboat was set alight in what police described as a terrorist incident.
The authorities have thwarted several terror plots in recent years. 在一月, they announced that eight people arrested in November had been planning to attack a school and were in the process of building bombs in a boat at sea. Police said the group also conducted military training on uninhabited islands and recruited children.
Police Commissioner Mohamed Hameed told Associated Press that no military-grade components were detected in the explosives used, and that officers were trying to identify four possible suspects. No arrests have been made.
Nasheed, who became president in 2008, had condemned religious extremism, and perpetrators were jailed under his government.
His election win in 2008 brought three decades of autocratic rule to an end, but his presidency was cut short in 2012, when he was ousted in a coup. He was later sentenced to 13 years in prison under anti-terror laws, following a trial that was criticised by international observers as lacking due process. He was permitted to travel to the UK to seek medical treatment, 然而, 和, represented by the human rights lawyer Amal Clooney, 他是 granted political asylum.
Nasheed returned to Maldives in 2018, after Ibrahim Mohamed Solih was elected president and his party again took power. As the speaker in parliament, he remains influential, holding the country’s second-most powerful position.
He is recognised not only as a pro-democracy activist, but also as an advocate for global action to tackle climate crisis. 在 2009, he famously hosted an underwater cabinet meeting, signing documents in diving gear and goggles.