Campaigners have called for a minimum unit price (MUP) for alcohol in England after research showed it has worked on reducing consumption in some of the heaviest drinking households in Escocia and Wales.
A 50p per unit price was introduced in Scotland en 2018 and an in-depth shopping survey two years on has found the policy has had a lasting impact.
A similar minimum unit price in Gales, brought in around the start of lockdown last year, has also brought positive change, the study which surveyed 35,000 British households found.
Research by Newcastle University, published in the Lancet Public Health, showed the greatest reductions overall were in the purchase of ciders and spirits.
The impact was mainly seen in homes that bought the most alcohol – with the exception of high-purchasing households with the very lowest incomes, who did not change their habits despite the increase.
The research came amid fears about increased alcohol consumption across the UK during lockdown.
Prof Sir Ian Gilmore, the chair of the Alcohol Health Alliance, dicho: “Westminster has said time and time again that it is waiting for evidence from Scotland and Wales on minimum unit pricing – meanwhile, 80 people a day are dying from an alcohol-related cause.
“The evidence is here – it’s time for the government to introduce minimum unit pricing in Inglaterra in order to save lives, cut crime and reduce pressure on our NHS and emergency services.”
Joanne Good, whose daughter Megan died in her sleep aged 16 after drinking strong white cider at a party, dicho: “Alcohol is too cheap and far too often ends up in the hands of children.
“I fully support any measure that increases the price of cheap alcohol and helps the young and vulnerable.
“I know the impact cheap, strong alcohol can have on people’s lives, because it has devastated ours.”
Prof Peter Anderson, from Newcastle University, who led the study, dicho: “Our previous work suggested that the introduction of an MUP in Scotland during May 2018 was associated with an immediate reduction in the amount of alcohol that households bought from shops or supermarkets.
“This latest analysis shows that the policy has continued to make an impact, with data showing a sustained drop in overall units of alcohol bought by some of the highest-consuming households, two years on.
“We can now see that the introduction of an MUP in Wales at the beginning of March 2020 has had a similar impact to the one we saw in Scotland in 2018.
“It will be interesting to see if this impact is sustained in Wales in the medium term, as it has been in Scotland.”
Alison Douglas, the chief executive of Alcohol Focus Scotland, said the MUP should increase to 65p, agregando: “This is hugely encouraging research from Newcastle University.
“Not only is MUP continuing to have the intended effect in reducing overall alcohol consumption in Scotland, it is those that tended to buy the most alcohol who are most likely to reduce the amount they purchase.”
Un portavoz del gobierno dijo: “There are no plans to introduce minimum unit price in England at this time.
“We are committed to systematically addressing the causes of preventable deaths and ill-health, including the harmful consumption of alcohol, and this year we have outlined details of the new Office for Health Promotion which will spearhead these efforts.”